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DISEASE & CONDITIONS

Click on the health condition applicable for you to find the possibly suitable remedies with their characteristic symptoms and the modalities of patient. The modalities of patient are the conditions which makes the patient generally worse or better. The suitable remedy is the one which matches your symptoms and modalities most. As explained earlier, you need not have all the symptoms and modalities listed under the remedy. Once having identified, please ensure that you take only one dose of the 30c potency of the selected remedy because repetition without proper evaluation could either cause severe aggravation or waste the remedy. Please remember that this is not a substitute for proper consultation with a Homeopath. In case of any doubt, please consult a homeopath locally or E Mail us.

Abscesses New : An abscess is a collection of pus collected in a cavity formed by the tissue on the basis of an infectious process (usually caused by bacteria or parasites) or other foreign materials (e.g. splinters or bullet wounds). It is a defensive reaction of the tissue to prevent the spread of infectious materials to other parts of the body

The organisms or foreign materials that gain access to a part of tissue kill the local cells, release toxins and trigger an inflammatory response by drawing huge amounts of white blood cells to the area and increasing the regional blood flow. The final structure of the abscess is an abscess wall that is formed by the adjacent healthy cells in an attempt to build a barrier around the pus that limits the infected material from neighboring structures

The cardinal symptoms and signs of any kind of inflammatory process are redness, heat, swelling, and pain. Abscesses may occur in any kind of solid tissue but most frequently on skin surface (where they may be superficial pustules (boils) or deep skin abscesses), in the lungs, brain, kidneys and tonsils. Major complications are spreading of the abscess material to adjacent or remote tissues and extensive regional tissue death (gangrene). Abscesses in most parts of the body rarely heal themselves, so prompt medical attention is indicated at the first suspicion of an abscess

ACTH Deficiency : ACTH Deficiency is characterized by adrenal insufficiency symptoms such as weight loss, lack of appetite (anorexia), weakness, nausea, vomiting, and low blood pressure (hypotension). The pituitary hormone called "adrenocorticotropic hormone" (ACTH) is decreased or absent, and other cortisol and other steroid hormone levels in the blood are abnormally low.

AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) : AIDS is an infectious disorder that suppresses the normal function of the immune system. It is caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), which destroys the body's ability to fight infections. Specific cells of the immune system that are responsible for the proper response to infections (T cells) are destroyed by this virus. Characteristically a person infected with HIV initially experiences no symptoms for a variable period of time. This may be followed by the development of persistent generalized swelling of the lymph nodes (AIDS-related lymphadenopathy). Eventually most patients infected with HIV experience a syndrome of symptoms that includes excessive fatigue, weight loss, and/or skin rashes.

Initial symptoms include extreme fatigue, intermittent fever, night sweats, chills, swelling of lymph nodes, enlarged spleen, anorexia, weight loss, severe diarrhoea, apathy and depression.

The later stages of HIV infection are characterized by the progressive depression of T cells and repeated infections that can even occur during a course of antibiotic therapy for another infection (superinfections). People with AIDS are particularly vulnerable to "opportunistic infections" from bacteria that other people normally fight off. Pneumocystis carinii, which causes severe inflammation of the lungs (pneumonia), is a common infection that effects people with AIDS. Cancers (malignant neoplasms), and a wide variety of neurological abnormalities, most notably the AIDS dementia complex, may also occur. These neurological symptoms when of HIV infects the nervous system.

APECED Syndrome : APECED Syndrome is a very rare genetic syndrome involving the autoimmune system. It is a combination of several distinct disorders and is defined as the subnormal functioning of several endocrine glands at the same time (concurrently). The acronym APECED stands for Autoimmune Polyendocrinopathy (APE), Candidiasis (C) and Ectodermal Dysplasia (ED). Autoimmune disease affecting one gland is frequently followed by the impairment of other glands. In this syndrome two major patterns of failure have been described.

Type I affects children and adults younger than age 35. It is characterized by below normal secretion of the parathyroid gland (hypoparathyroidism--79%) and the failure of the adrenal cortex to secrete normal volumes of hormones (72%). About 60% of women and about 15% of men fail to mature sexually (hypogonadism). A persistent fungal infection (muco cutaneous candidiasis) is common and chronic.

Type II more frequently strikes adults with peak incidence at about 30 years. Almost invariably it involves the adrenal cortex with thyroid involvement somewhat less frequent. It may also involve the pancreatic islets producing an insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus

The below normal secretion of the parathyroid glands leads to anorexia, tetany, seizures and death if not corrected.

Aarskog Syndrome : Aarskog Syndrome is an extremely rare genetic disorder marked by distinctive structural abnormalities. Major symptoms may include stunted growth, broad facial features, short broad hands and feet, genital abnormalities, and mild mental retardation

Acanthocheilonemiasis : Acanthocheilonemiasis is a rare tropical infectious disease caused by a parasite known as Acanthocheilonema perstans, which belongs to a group of parasitic diseases known as filarial diseases (nematode). This parasite is found, for the most part, in Africa. Symptoms of infection may include red, itchy skin (pruritis), abdominal and chest pain, muscular pain (myalgia), and areas of localized swelling (edema). In addition, the liver and spleen may become abnormally enlarged (hepatosplenomegaly). Laboratory testing may also reveal abnormally elevated levels of certain specialized white blood cells (eosinophilia). The parasite is transmitted through the bite of small flies (A. coliroides).

Acanthocytosis : Acanthocytosis is a digestive disorder that is characterized by the absence of very low density lipoproteins (VLDL) and chylomicrons in the plasma. Chylomicrons are very small fatty droplets that are covered with a beta-lipoprotein and perform an essential function in fat transport in the blood and, thus, in fat metabolism. The absence of VLDL and of chylomicrons interferes with the absorption of fat and leads to excessive fats excretion (steatorrhea). Other symptoms include abnormal red blood cells (acanthocytes), a vision disorder (retinitis pigmentosa), and impaired muscle coordination (ataxia).

Acanthosis Nigricans : Acanthosis nigricans (AN) is a skin disorder characterized by abnormally increased coloration (hyper pigmentation) and "velvety" thickening (hyperkeratosis) of the skin, particularly of skin fold regions, such as of the neck and groin and under the arms (axillae). Various benign (non-cancerous) forms of AN have been identified in which the disorder may be inherited as a primary condition or associated with various underlying syndromes; an excess accumulation of body fat (obesity); or the use of certain medications (i.e., drug-induced AN). In other instances, AN may occur in association with an underlying cancerous tumor (i.e., malignant AN).

Experts suggest that AN may be a skin manifestation of insulin resistance, which is a condition characterized by impaired biological responses to insulin. Insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas, regulates blood glucose levels by promoting the movement of glucose into cells for energy production or into the liver and fat cells for storage. (Glucose is a simple sugar that is the body's primary source of energy for cell metabolism.) Insulin resistance may be associated with various disorders, including obesity and non-insulin-dependent (type II) diabetes mellitus. In individuals with type II diabetes mellitus, the pancreas produces insulin but the body becomes resistant to its effects, leading to insufficient absorption of glucose and abnormally increased glucose levels in the blood (hyperglycemia) and urine. As a result, there may be a gradual onset of certain symptoms, including excessive urination (polyuria) and increased thirst (polydipsia), and the development of particular complications without appropriate treatment.

Achalasia : Achalasia is a rare disorder of the esophagus characterized by the abnormal enlargement of the esophagus, impairment of the ability of the esophagus to push food down toward the stomach (peristalsis), and the failure of the ring-shaped muscle (sphincter) at the bottom of the esophagus to relax.

Acidemia, Isovaleric New : Isovaleric Acidemia is a hereditary metabolic disorder. It is characterized by a deficiency of the enzyme isovaleryl CoA dehydrogenase. The disorder occurs in both an acute and a chronic intermittent form. In the acute form of Isovaleric Acidemia, vomiting, refusal to eat, and listlessness usually occur. With treatment and low protein diet, the disorder becomes chronically intermittent, and a nearly normal life is possible

Acidemia, Methylmalonic New : The methylmalonic acidemias are organic acidemias caused by an enzymatic defect in the metabolism of four amino acids (methionine, threonine, isoleucine and valine). This results in an abnormally high level of acid in the blood (acidemia) and body tissues. In the acute form, drowsiness, coma, and seizures may occur. Mental retardation is a long-term consequence. The disorder may be caused by a deficiency of one or more of the enzymes methylmalonyl CoA mutase, methylmalonyl racemase, or adenosylcobalamin synthetic enzymes. Excretion of methylmalonate, a product of amino acid metabolism, in the urine is abnormally high and therefore is a marker of the disorder. All known organic acidemias are inherited as autosomal recessive traits

Acidemia, Propionic New : Propionic Acidemia is a rare metabolic disorder characterized by deficiency of propionyl CoA carboxylase, an enzyme involved in the breakdown (catabolism) of the chemical "building blocks" (amino acids) of certain proteins. Symptoms most commonly become apparent during the first weeks of life and may include abnormally diminished muscle tone (hypotonia), poor feeding, vomiting, listlessness (lethargy), excessive loss of fluids from bodily tissues (dehydration), and episodes of uncontrolled electrical activity in the brain (seizures). Without appropriate treatment, coma and potentially life-threatening complications may result. In rare cases, the condition may become apparent later during infancy and may be associated with less severe symptoms and findings. Propionic Acidemia is inherited as an autosomal recessive trait
 

Acne : An inflammatory, papulopustular skin eruption occurring in or near the sebaceous glands of the face, neck, shoulders and upper back. Its cause is unknown but involves bacterial breakdown of sebum into fatty acids irritating to surrounding subcutaneous tissue.

Acne Rosacea New : Acne Rosacea is a skin disorder limited to the nose, cheeks, chin, and forehead, typically beginning during adulthood. The facial skin becomes oily, reddened and bumpy. Small red blood vessels are visible. In extreme cases, the nose may appear very red and bulbous

Acoustic Neuroma New : Acoustic Neuroma is a benign (non-cancerous) growth that begins at the 8th cranial nerve, which runs from the brain to the inner ear. Any disruption of the signals sent along the 8th cranial nerve will interfere with hearing and with the patient’s balance.

Acrodermatitis Enteropathica  New : Acrodermatitis Enteropathica occurs in two forms: an inborn (congenital) form and an acquired form. The inborn form of AE is a rare genetic disorder characterized by intestinal abnormalities. Skin inflammation with pimples (pustular dermatitis) occurs around the mouth and/or anus, the nails (paronychial), and eyes. In the acute phase, irritability and emotional disturbances are evident due to wasting (atrophy) of the brain cortex.

Similar symptoms can be caused by special intravenous nutritional programs, for patients who cannot eat, which are almost always devoid of zinc. This is sometimes referred to as an acquired form of AE.
 

Acromegaly New : Acromegaly is a rare, slowly progressive chronic disorder that affects adults. The disorder is characterized by an excess of growth hormone. Symptoms include abnormal enlargement in bones of the arms, legs, and head. The bones in the jaws and in the front of the skull are typically the most affected. Acromegaly may also cause thickening of the soft tissues of the body, particularly the heart and accelerated growth leading to tall stature. In most cases, acromegaly is caused by the growth of a benign tumor (adenoma), affecting the pituitary gland

Acromesomelic Dysplasia New : Acromesomelic Dysplasia is an extremely rare inherited progressive disorder characterized by premature fusion of the regions (metaphyses) where the shafts (diaphyses) of certain long bones (i.e., bones of the arms and legs) meet their growing ends (epiphyses). As a result, affected individuals exhibit unusually short forearms, abnormal shortening of bones of the lower (distal) legs, and short stature (short-limbed dwarfism), findings that typically become apparent during the first years of life. Abnormal cartilage and bone development may also affect other bones of the body, particularly those of the hands and feet (i.e., metacarpals, phalanges, metatarsals). At birth, the hands and feet may appear abnormally short and broad. Over time, the apparent disproportion becomes even more obvious, especially during the first years of life. The fingernails and toenails may also appear unusually short and wide.

Affected individuals may have additional abnormalities resulting from abnormal cartilage and bone development, including limited extension of the elbows and arms and/or progressive abnormal curvature of the spine. Other characteristic abnormalities include a relatively enlarged head (macrocephaly), slightly flattened midface, and/or small, pug nose. Acromesomelic Dysplasia is inherited as an autosomal recessive genetic trait.

Relatively recent clinical studies have demonstrated that there are at least two forms that are distinguishable by X-ray and at the molecular level. The Maroteaux Type has been traced to chromosome 9 (Gene Map Locus 9p13-p12). The Hunter-Thompson Type has been mapped to chromosome 20 (20q11.2).
 
Acromicric DysplasiaNew  : Acromicric Dysplasia is an extremely rare inherited disorder characterized by abnormally short hands and feet, growth retardation and delayed bone maturation leading to short stature, and mild facial abnormalities. Most cases have occurred randomly for no apparent reason (sporadically). However, autosomal dominant inheritance has not been ruled out.

Addison's Disease : A life threatening condition caused by partial or complete failure of adrenocortical function, often resulting from autoimmune processes, infection (especially tubercular or fungal), neoplasm, or haemorrhage in the gland. The disease is characterized by weakness, decreased endurance, increased pigmentation of skin and mucus membranes, anorexia, dehydration, weight loss, GI disturbances, anxiety, depression and other emotional distress, and decreased tolerance to cold. The onset is gradual, occurring over a period of weeks or months

Adie SyndromeNew : Adie Syndrome is a rare neurological disorder affecting the pupil of the eye. In most patients the pupil is dilated (larger than normal) and slow to react to light on nearby objects. In some patients, however, the pupil may be constricted (smaller than normal) rather than dilated. Absent or poor reflexes are also associated with this disorder. Adie Syndrome is neither progressive nor life threatening, nor is it disabling.

Afibrinogenemia, Congenital New : Congenital Afibrinogenemia is a rare disorder characterized by absence of a certain substance (protein) in the blood that is essential in the blood clotting (coagulation) process. This protein is known as fibrinogen or coagulation factor I. Affected individuals may be susceptible to severe bleeding (hemorrhaging) episodes, particularly during infancy and childhood. Congenital Afibrinogenemia is thought to be transmitted as an autosomal recessive trait.

Agoraphobia: An anxiety disorder characterized by a fear of being in an open, crowded, or public place, as a field, tunnel, bridge, congested street, or busy department store, where escape may be difficult or help not available in case of sudden incapacitation. The obsessive phenomena is observed more often in women than in men and generally can be traced to some sudden loss or separation occurring in childhood. If untreated. fear and avoidance behavior dominate life, and the person refuses to leave home.

Agnosia, Primary VisualNew : Primary Visual Agnosia is a rare neurological disorder characterized by the total or partial loss of the ability to recognize and identify familiar objects and/or people by sight. This occurs without loss of the ability to actually see the object or person. The symptoms of Visual Agnosia occur as a result of damage to certain areas of the brain (primary) or in association with other disorders (secondary).

Agranulocytosis, AcquiredNew : Acquired Agranulocytosis is a rare drug-induced blood disorder that is characterized by a severe reduction in the number of white blood cells (granulocytes) in the circulating blood. There are three types of granulocytes, namely basophils, eosinophils, and neutrophils. Acquired Agranulocytosis may be caused by a variety of drugs, including chemotherapeutic agents, used for cancer treatment, or antipsychotic medications (e.g., clozapine). The symptoms of Agranulocytosis develop because of impairment in the production of granulocytes in the bone marrow. People with Acquired Agranulocytosis are susceptible to a variety of bacterial infections that may cause flu-like symptoms. Painful ulcers in mucous membranes that line the mouth and/or the gastrointestinal tract may also develop.

Ahumada Del Castillo SyndromeNew : Ahumada Del Castillo is a rare endocrine disorder affecting adult females and is characterized by impairment in the function of the pituitary and hypothalamus glands. Symptoms may include the production of breast milk (lactation) not associated with nursing and the absence of menstrual periods (amenorrhea) due to the lack of monthly ovulation (anovulation). The exact cause of Ahumada Del Castillo is not known although some research suggests that small tumors in the pituitary and/or hypothalamus gland may be responsible for some cases of this disorder.

Alzheimer's Disease: Presenile dementia, characterized by confusion, memory failure, disorientation, restlessness, agnosia, speech disturbances, inability to carry out purposeful movements, and hallucinations. The patient may become hypomanic, refuse food, and loose sphincters control without local damage. The disease usually begins in later middle life with slight defects in memory and behavior and occurs with equal frequency in men and women.

Anthrax Poisoning : A disease primarily affecting farm animals, caused by the bacterium Bacillus Anthracis. Humans most often acquire it when a break in the skin comes into direct contact with infected animals and their hides, but they may also contract a pulmonary form of the anthrax by inhaling the spores of the bacterium. The cutaneous form begins with a reddish brown lesion that ulcerates and then form a dark scab. The signs and symptoms that follow include internal hemorrhage, muscle pain, headache, fever, nausea and vomiting. The pulmonary form, called the woolsorter's disease is often fatal unless treated early. A vaccine is available for whom the anthrax is a occupational hazard.      

Anxiety- Panic Disorders : A neurotic disorder characterized by persistent anxiety. The symptoms range from mild, chronic tenseness, with feeling of timidity, fatigue, apprehensiveness, and indecisiveness, to more intense states of restlessness and irritability that may lead to aggressive acts or indecisiveness. In extreme cases, the overwhelming emotional discomfort is accompanied by physical reactions, including tremor, sustained muscle tension, tachycardia, dyspnœa, hypertension, increased respiration and profuse perspiration. Other physical signs include changes in skin color, nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, restlessness, immobilization, insomnia and changes in appetite, all occurring without underlying organic cause.

Apoplexy New : Apoplexy comes from the Greek word for 'seizure', in the sense of being struck down. It is used an old-fashioned medical term, which can be used to mean 'neurological impairment' from a cerebovascular accident resulting in paralysis or 'hemorrhage'. The term 'apoplexy' is used to describe bleeding within internal organs. In such usage it is coupled with an adjective describing the site of the bleeding. For example, bleeding within the pituitary gland is called pituitary apoplexy, and bleeding within the adrenal glands can be called adrenal apoplexy.

In both pituitary and adrenal apoplexy, the word apoplexy refers to both hemorrhage with the gland and to accompanying neurological problems such as confusion, headache, and impairment of consciousness

AppendicitisNew : Inflammation of the vermiform appendix, usually acute, which if undiagnosed leads rapidly to perforation and peritonitis. The most common symptom is constant pain in the right lower quadrant of abdomen around Mcburney's Point, which patient describes as having begun as intermittent pain in mid abdomen. To decrease the pain, the patient keeps knees bent to avoid tension to abdominal muscles. Appendicitis is characterized by vomiting, low grade fever of 99 to 102 degrees, an elevated while blood count, rebound tenderness, a rigid abdomen, and decrease or absent bowel sounds. The inflammation is caused by an obstruction as a mass of hard feces or a foreign body, in the lumen of the appendix, fibrous disease of the bowel wall, an adhesion or parasitic infestation. Delay in treatment results in rupture and peritonitis as fecal matter is released into the peritoneal cavity. The fever sharply rises once peritonitis begins, and patient may have sudden release from pain followed by increased, diffused pain. Appendicitis is apt to occur in teenagers and young adults and is more frequent in males.

Arteritis : An inflammatory condition of the inner layers or the outer coat of one or more arteries, occurring as a clinical entity or accompanying another disorder. as rheumatoid arthritis, rheumatic fever, poly-Myositis or systemic lupus erythematous.

Arthritis- Chronic : A chronic, destructive, sometimes deforming. collagen disease that has an autoimmune component. Also know as Rheumatoid Arthritis, it is characterized by symmetric inflammation of the synovium and increased synovial exudate, leading to thickening of the synovium and swelling of the joint. Rheumatoid Arthritis usually first appears in early middle age, between 36 and 50 years, and most commonly in women. The course of the disease is variable but is most frequently marked by remissions and exacerbations. Also called Arthritis Deformans, Atrophic Arthritis. Clinical data, using mainly x-ray studies and physical examination, classify the progress of Rheumatoid Arthritis into four stages.

Stage I, representing early effects, is based on x-ray films showing the onset of bone changes

Stage II, moderate Rheumatoid Arthritis is assigned cases when there is evidence of some muscle atrophy and loss of mobility, in addition to x-ray findings

Stage III, severe Rheumatoid Arthritis, is marked by joint deformity, extensive muscle atrophy, and soft tissue lesions, as well as definite bone and cartilage destruction.

Stage IV, the terminal Rheumatoid Arthritis, includes all the Stage III clinical signs plus fibrous or bony ankylosis.       

                     

Rheumatoid Arthritis may first be present with constitutional symptoms, including fatigue, weakness, and poor appetite. Other early signs include low grade fever, anemia, and increased erythrocyte sedimentation rate. The symptoms listed by American Rheumatism Association includes morning stiffness, joint pain or tenderness, swelling of at least two joints, subcutaneous nodules, structural changes in joints as seen on x-ray film etc.

Asthma: A respiratory disorder characterized by recurring episodes of paroxysmal dyspnœa, wheezing on expiration, coughing and viscous mucoid bronchial secretions. The episodes may be precipitated by inhalation of allergens or pollutants, infection, vigorous exercises or emotional stress.

Astigmatism: An abnormal condition of the eye in which the light rays can not be focused clearly in a point on the retina because the spherical curve of the cornea is not equal in all meridians. Vision in blurred, and the use of eyes causes discomfort. The person can not accommodate to correct the problem.

Ataxia : An abnormal condition characterized by impaired ability to coordinate movement. A staggering gait and postural imbalance are caused by a lesion in the spinal cord or cerebellum, which might be the sequel of birth trauma, congenital disorder, infection, degenerative disorder, neoplasm, toxic substance, or head injury

Athetosis : A Neuromuscular condition characterized by slow, writhing, continuous, and involuntary movement of extremities, as seen in some forms of cerebral palsy and in motor disorders resulting from lesions in basal ganglia.

Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) : A syndrome affecting children, adolescents and rarely adults characterized by learning and behavioral disabilities. Symptoms include impairment in perception, conceptualization, language, memory and motor skills, decreased attention span, increased impulsivity and emotional liability and usually, but not always hyperactivity.

Autism : A mental disorder characterized by extreme withdrawal and an abnormal absorption in fantasy, accompanied by delusion, hallucination, and an inability to communicate verbally or to otherwise relate to people

Baldness : Absence of hair, especially from the scalp.

Bell's Palsy : A paralysis of the facial nerve, resulting from trauma to the nerve, compression of the nerve by a tumor, or possibly, unknown infection. Any or all the branches of the nerve can be affected. The person may not be able to open an eye or close the mouth. The condition may unilateral, bilateral, transient or permanent.

Belonephobia : A morbid fear of sharp pointed objects, especially pins and needles.

Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia : Enlargement of the prostrate gland, common among men after the age of 50. The condition is not malignant or inflammatory but is usually progressive and may lead to obstruction of the urethra and to interference with the flow of urine, possibly causing frequency of urination, need to urinate during the night, pain, and urinary tract infections.

Beriberi : A disease of the peripheral nerves caused by the deficiency of  or an ability to assimilate thiamine. It is frequently the result of a diet limited to polish white rice, and it occurs in endemic form in eastern and southern Asia. Rare cases in the United States are associated with stressful conditions, as hypothyroidism, infections, pregnancy, lactation, and chronic alcoholism. Symptoms are fatigue, diarrhoea, appetite and weight loss, disturbed nerve function causing paralysis and wasting of limbs, edema, and heart failure. Kinds of Beriberi include alcoholic beriberi, atrophic beriberi, cardiac beriberi, and cerebral beriberi.

Bi-Polar Disorder : A major affective disorder characterized by episodes of mania and depression. One or the other phase may be predominant at any given time or elements of both phase may appear alternately with each other, or elements of both phases may be present simultaneously. Characteristic of the manic phase are excessive emotional displays, excitement, euphoria, hyperactivity accompanied by elation, boisterousness, impaired ability to concentrate, decreased need for sleep, and seemingly unbounded energy, often accompanied by delusions of grandeur. In the depressive phase, marked apathy and under activity are accompanied by feelings of profound sadness, loneliness, guilt, and lowered self esteem.

Boils New  : Boil or furuncle is a skin disease caused by the inflammation of hair follicles, thus resulting in the localized accumulation of pus and dead tissues. Individual boils can cluster together and form an interconnected network of boils called carbuncles. In severe cases, boils may develop to form abscesses.

The symptoms of boils are red, pus-filled lumps that are tender, warm, and/or painful. A yellow or white point at the center of the lump can be seen when the boil is ready to drain or discharge pus. In a severe infection, multiple boils may develop and the patient may experience fever and swollen lymph nodes. A recurring boil is called chronic furunculosis.

In some people, itching may develop before the lumps begin to develop. Boils are most often found on the back, underarms, shoulders, face and buttocks.

Sometimes the boil will emit an unpleasant smell

Brain Tumor : A neoplasm of the intracranial portion of the central nervous system that is usually invasive but does not spread beyond the cerebrospinal axis. Symptoms of the brain tumor are often those of increased intracranial pressure, as headache, nausea, vomiting, papilledema, lethargy and disorientation

Breast Cancer : A malignant neoplastic disease of breast tissue, most common malignancy in women in US. Initial symptoms, detected in most cases by self examination, include a small painless lump, thick or dimpled skin, or nipple retraction. As the lesion progresses, there may be nipple discharge, pain, ulceration and enlarged axillary gland.

Cancer : Any of a large group of malignant neoplastic diseases characterized by the presence of the malignant cells. Each cancer is distinguished by the nature, site, or clinical course of the lesion. The most common site for the development of the malignant tumors are the lung, breast, colon, uterus, oral cavity, and bone marrow. Many malignant lesions are curable if detected in the early stage. Depending on the site, the warning signals may be a change in bowel or bladder habits, a non healing sore, unusual bleeding or discharge, a thickening or limp in breast or elsewhere, indigestion or dysphagia, an obvious change in a wart or mole, or a nagging cough or persistent hoarseness. 

CandidiasisComing Soon : Any infection caused by a species of Candida, usually Candida albicans, characterized by pruritis, a white exudate, peeling, and easy bleeding. Diaper rash, intertrigo, vaginitis and thrush are common manifestations of candidiasis. Endocarditis, other inflammatory conditions of heart and liver, and infection of the kidney, spleen, and lungs sometimes occur in debilitated patients.

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS) New : It is a medical condition in which the median nerve is compressed at the wrist, leading to pain, paresthesias, and muscle weakness in the forearm and hand. A form of peripheral neuropathy, CTS is more common in women than it is in men, and, though it can occur at any age, has a peak incidence around age 42. The lifetime risk for CTS is around 10% of the adult population.

The first symptoms of CTS may appear when sleeping, and typically include numbness and paresthesia (a burning and tingling sensation in the fingers, especially the thumb, index, and middle fingers). These symptoms appear at night because many people sleep with bent wrists which further compresses the carpal tunnel. If the median nerve is already under stress, the increased compression of the bent wrist creates the numbness and tingling. Difficulty gripping and making a fist, dropping objects, and weakness are symptoms of progression. In early stages of CTS individuals often mistakenly blame the tingling and numbness on restricted blood circulation and they believe their hands are simply "falling asleep".

It is important to note that unless numbness or paresthesia are among the predominant symptoms, it is unlikely the symptoms are primarily caused by carpal tunnel syndrome. In effect, pain of any type, location, or severity with the absence of significant numbness or paresthesia is not likely to fall under this diagnosis.

Cellulitis : An infection of the skin characterized most commonly by local heat, redness, pain, and swelling, and occasionally by fever, malaise, chills and headache. Abscess and tissue destruction usually follow if remedies are not taken. Damaged skin, poor circulation and Diabetes Mellitus favors the development of Cellulitis.

Chancroid : A highly contagious, sexually transmitted disease caused by infection with a bacillus, Haemophilus ducreyi. It characteristically begins as a papule, usually on the skin of the external genitalia; it then grows and ulcerates, other papules form, and, if untreated, the bacillus spreads, causing buboes in the groin.

Chemosis : An abnormal edematous swelling of the mucus membrane covering the eye ball and lining the eyelids that is usually the result of local trauma or infection. Chemosis may also occur in acute conjunctivitis. An obstruction of normal lymph flow, as might occur from growth of a tumor within the eye socket, may less commonly be found to be the cause of Chemosis. Systemic disorders, as angioneurotic edema, anemia and Bright's Disease may also cause the condition.. Also called Conjunctival Edema

Chondritis : An inflammatory condition of cartilages.

Chronic Appendicitis : A type of appendicitis characterized by thickening or scarring of the vermiform appendix, caused by previous inflammation

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome 

Chronic Pain in Heels 

Chronic Urticaria : A chronic pruritic skin eruption characterized by transient wheals of varying shapes and sizes with well defined erythematous margin and pale centers, caused by capillary dilation in the dermis that results from the vasoactive mediators, including histamine, kinin and the slow, reactive substances of anaphylaxis associated with antigen- antibody reaction. Also called Hives

Condylomata : A wart like growth on the anus, vulva or glans penis.

Cowperitis : Inflammation of the Cowper's Glands. Cowper's glands the two round, pea size glands embedded in the urethral sphincter in the male

Crohn's Disease : A chronic inflammatory bowel disease of unknown origin, usually affecting the ileum, the colon, or both structures. The disease is characterized by frequent attacks of diarrhoea, Severe abdominal pain, nausea, fever, chills, weakness, anorexia, and weight loss.

Dementia : A progressive, organic mental disorder characterized by chronic personality disintegration, confusion, disorientation, stupor, deterioration of intellectual capacity and function, and impairment of control of memory, judgment and impulses.

Depression : An emotional state characterized by exaggerated feeling of sadness, melancholy, dejection, worthlessness, emptiness, and hopelessness that are inappropriate and out of proportionate to the reality. The overt manifestations range from a slight lack of motivation and inability to concentrate to severe physiological alterations to body functions.

Dengue Fever : An acute arbovirus infection transmitted to humans by Aedes mosquito and occurring in tropic & sub tropic region. The disease usually produces a triad of symptoms: fever, rash, and severe head, back and muscle pain. Manifestation of Dengue occurs in two phases, separated by a day of remission. In the first attack, the patient experiences fever, extreme weakness, headache, sore throat, muscle pain and edema of hands and feet. The second attack is marked by a return of fever and by a bright red scarletina form rash. Dengue is a self limited illness, though it may take patients several weeks to recover

Diabetes New : A clinical condition characterized by the excessive excretion of urine. The excess may be caused by a deficiency of antidiuretic hormone (ADH), as in Diabetes Insipidus, or it may be the result of the hyperglycemia occurring in Diabetes Mellitus.

Diabetes Insipidus Coming Soon : A metabolic disorder, characterized by extreme polyuria and polydipsia, caused by deficient production or secretion of the antidiuretic hormone (ADH) or an inability of the kidney tubules to respond to ADH. Rarely the symptoms are self induced by an excessive water intake. The condition may be acquired, familial, idiopathic or nephrogenic. The onset may be dramatic and sudden, and urinary output may exceed 10 Liters in 24 hours. The patient is usually well and comfortable except for the annoyance of frequent urination and a constant need to drink. A person with diabetes insipidus who is unconscious because of trauma or surgery continues to produce massive quantity of urine. If fluids are not administered in adequate amounts, the patient becomes severely dehydrated and hypernatremic

Eczema: Superficial inflammation of skin of unknown cause. In the early stage it may be pruritic, erythematous, papulovesicular, edematous and weeping. Later it becomes crusted, scaly, thickened and lichenified. Eczema is not a distinct disease entity.

Elephantiasis New : Elephantiasis (Greek ελεφαντίασις, from ελέφαντας, "the elephant") is a syndrome that is characterized by the thickening of the skin and underlying tissues, especially in the legs and genitals. Elephantiasis generally results from obstructions of the lymphatic vessels. It is most commonly caused by a parasitic disease known as lymphatic filariasis.

Alternatively, elephantiasis may occur in the absence of parasitic infection. This nonparasitic form of elephantiasis, known as nonfilarial elephantiasis or podoconiosis, generally occurs in the mountains of central Africa. Nonfilarial elephantiasis is thought to be caused by persistent contact with volcanic ash.

Elephantiasis partially takes its name from "the Elephant Man", the carnival stage name of Joseph Merrick. The name refers to the resemblence of Merrick's limbs to the thick, baggy skin on the limbs and trunks of elephants

Endocarditis New : Endocarditis is an inflammation of the inner layer of the heart, the endocardium. The most common structures involved are the heart valves. Endocarditis can be classified by etiology as either infective or non-infective, depending on whether a microorganism is the source of the problem.
 
Endometriosis New : The name endometriosis comes from the word "endometrium," which is the tissue that lines the inside of the uterus. Endometriosis is when tissue that looks and acts like endometrial tissue is found outside the uterus, usually inside the abdominal cavity.

Endometrial tissue that is found outside the uterus responds to the menstrual cycle in much the same way as the endometrium in the uterus responds. At the end of every cycle, when hormones cause the uterus to shed its endometrial lining, endometrial tissue growing outside the uterus will break apart and bleed. However, unlike menstrual fluid from the uterus, which is discharged from the body during menstruation, blood from the misplaced tissue has no place to go. Tissues surrounding the area of endometriosis may become inflamed or swollen. The inflammation may produce scar tissue around the area of endometriosis. These endometrial tissue sites may develop into what are called "lesions," "implants," "nodules," or "growths."

Mild forms of endometriosis are common and may not require treatment. Many times, endometriosis has no symptoms. When symptoms are present, they may include:

Abdominal cramps or back pain during menstruation.
Very painful menstrual cramps.
Painful bowel movements.
Painful urination, especially during menstruation.
Abnormal or heavy bleeding during periods.
Painful sex.
Difficulty becoming pregnant
Fibromyalgia   Disorder with stiffness and joints or muscle pain, accompanied by localized inflammation of the muscle tissue and of the fibrous connective tissues. This condition may develop after climactic changes, infection, or physical or emotional trauma. It may recur and become chronic

Fibromyalgia : A disease caused by presence of filariae or microfilariae in the tissues of the body. Filarial worms are round, long, and thread like and are common in most tropics and sub tropics regions of the world. They tend to infest lymph glands and channels after entering the body as microscopic larvae through the bite of mosquito or other insects. The infection is characterized by occlusion of lymphatic vessels, with swelling and pain of the limb distal to the blockage. After many years the limb may become greatly swollen and skin coarse and tough. The swelling usually extends to genitalia and legs.

Filariasis : A disease caused by presence of filariae or microfilariae in the tissues of the body. Filarial worms are round, long, and thread like and are common in most tropics and sub tropics regions of the world. They tend to infest lymph glands and channels after entering the body as microscopic larvae through the bite of mosquito or other insects. The infection is characterized by occlusion of lymphatic vessels, with swelling and pain of the limb distal to the blockage. After many years the limb may become greatly swollen and skin coarse and tough. The swelling usually extends to genitalia and legs.

GlaucomaNew : An abnormal condition of elevated pressure within an eye because of obstruction of the outflow of aqueous humor. Acute (angle-closure, closed-angle, or narrow-angle) Glaucoma occurs if the pupil in an eye with a narrow angle between the iris and cornea dilated markedly, causing the folded iris to block the exit of aqueous humor from the anterior chamber.

Chronic (open-angle, or wide angle): Glaucoma is much more common, often bilateral; it develops slowly and it is genetically determined. The obstruction is believed to be within the canal of Schlemm.

Acute glaucoma is accompanied by extreme ocular pain, blurred vision, a red eye and a dilated pupil. Nausea and vomiting may occur. If untreated, acute glaucoma results in complete and permanent blindness in 2 to 5 days. Chronic glaucoma may produce no symptoms except for gradual loss of peripheral vision over a period of years. Sometime headaches, blurred vision and a dull pain in eye are present. Halos around lights and central blindness are late manifestations.

Guillain-Barré Syndrome (GBS) New : Guillain-Barré (Ghee-yan Bah-ray) Syndrome, also called acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy and Landry's ascending paralysis, is an inflammatory disorder of the peripheral nerves - those outside the brain and spinal cord.  It is characterized by the rapid onset of weakness and, often, paralysis of the legs, arms, breathing muscles and face.  GBS is the most common cause of rapidly acquired paralysis in the United States today, affecting one to two people in every 100,000.

The disorder came to public attention briefly when it struck a number of people who received the 1976 Swine Flu vaccine.  It continues to claim thousands of new victims each year, striking any person, at any age, regardless of gender or ethnic background.

It typically begins with weakness and/or abnormal sensations of the legs and arms.  It can also affect muscles of the chest, face and eyes.  Although many cases are mild, some patients are virtually paralyzed.  Breathing muscles may be so weakened that a machine is required to keep the patient alive.  Many patients require an intensive care unit during the early course of their illness, especially if support of breathing with a machine is required.  Although most people recover, the length of the illness is unpredictable and often months of hospital care are required. The majority of patients eventually return to a normal or near normal lifestyle, but many endure a protracted recovery and some remain wheelchair-bound indefinitely.

Gummata New : Gummata are growths of pink, fleshy tissue that contain syphilis bacteria; they may appear as nodules or ulcers or become tumor-like masses. Gummata are rare. When they do occur, they range from 1 mm to 1 cm in size. Common sites of gummata include the:
·         Skin, where they cause shallow open sores that heal slowly.
·         Mucous membranes. These gummas may become cancerous.
·         Bones, where they cause destruction of bones and pain that is especially severe at night.
·         Eyes, resulting in visual impairment that may lead to blindness.
·         Respiratory system, where they cause hoarseness, breathing problems, and wheezing.
·         Gastrointestinal system, where they cause stomach pain, inability to eat large meals, belching, and weight loss.

Hay fever : An acute seasonal allergic rhinitis stimulated by tree, grass, or weed pollen.

Heel Spur New : A Heel spur is a radiological (X-ray) finding, often seen in sufferers from plantar fasciitis. It consists of a thin spike of calcification, which lies within the plantar fascia at the point of its attachment to the calcaneum, or heel bone. While this condition is commonly present in plantar fasciitis, it is a result of the inflammation, and is not the cause of the pain caused thereby. The X-ray findings are not diagnostic, and are commonly reported in people not suffering from fasciitis.

Hepatitis : An inflammatory condition of the liver, characterized by jaundice, hepatomegaly, anorexia, abdominal and gastric discomfort, abnormal liver function, clay colored stools and dark urine. The condition may be caused by bacterial or viral infection, parasitic infestation, alcohol, drugs, toxins or transfusion of incompatible blood. It may be mild and brief or severe, fulmiant and life threatening. The liver usually is able to regenerate its tissue, but severe hepatitis may lead to cirrhosis and chronic liver dysfunction.

Herpes Genitalis : An infection caused by Type 2 herpes simplex virus, usually transmitted by sexual contact, that causes painful vesicular eruptions on the skin and mucus membranes of the genitalia of males and females. In males, herpes genitalis infections may resemble penile ulcers. A small group of vesicular lesions surrounded by erythematous tissue may occur on the glans or prepuce. The lesions erupt into superficial ulcers that often heal in 5 to 7 days, although they may become sites of secondary infection. The lesions are painful and are often associated with a burning sensation, urinary dysfunction, fever, malaise and swelling of the lymph nodes in inguinal region. The female patient may exhibit the same or similar systemic effects. and members of both sexes may complain of painful sexual intercourse.  In the females, herpes genitalis lesions are likely to occur as multiple superficial eruptions on the surface of cervix, vagina and perineum. There may be discharge from the cervix. Vaginal lesions may appear as mucous patches with grayish ulcerations. The infections recurs

Hiatal Hernia : Protrusion of a portion of the stomach upwards through the diaphragm. The major difficulty in symptomatic patients is gastro esophageal reflux, the backflow of the acid content of the stomach into the esophagus

Hirsutism New : Excessive body hair in a masculine distribution as a result of heredity, hormonal dysfunction, porphyria, or medication. Also called hypertrichosis.

Hodgkin's Disease Coming Soon

Hydrophobia Coming Soon

Hypopyon Coming Soon

Impotence : Inability of the adult male to achieve penile erection or less commonly to ejaculate having achieved an erection.

Infertility : Inability to produce offspring. This condition may be present in one or both sex partners and may be temporary and reversible. The cause may be physical, including immature sexual organs, abnormalities of reproductive systems, hormonal imbalances or anomalies in other organ systems, or may result from psychological or emotional problems. The condition is classifies as primary, in which pregnancy has never occurred, and secondary, when there have been one or more pregnancies

Injuries

Insomnia Coming Soon

Irritable Bowel Syndrome : Abnormally increased motility of the small and large intestines, generally associated with emotional stress. Most of those affected are young adults, who complain of diarrhea and, occasionally, pain in lower abdomen. The pain is usually relieved by moving the bowels.

Keloid : Overgrowth of collagenous scar tissue at the site of a wound of the skin. The new tissue is elevated, rounded, and firm, with irregular claw like margins. Most keloids flatten and become less noticeable over a period of years.

Kleptomania Coming Soon

Lactophobia: Morbid fear of milk.

Leucoderma Coming Soon

Lichen Planus : A non malignant, chronic, pruritic skin disease of unknown cause, characterized by small, flat, purplish papules or plaques having fine, gray lines on the surface. Common sites are flexor surfaces of wrists, forearms, ankles, abdomen and sacrum. On mucus membranes the lesions appear gray and lacy. Nails may have longitudinal ridges. Episodes of disease activity, of which there are numerous variations, may last for months and may recur

Lichen Simplex  : A from of neurodermatitis characterized by a patch of pruritic, confluent papules. Psychogenic factors and mechanic trauma, as scratching, contribute to its chronicity.

Lipoma : A benign tumor consisting of mature fat cells. Also called Adipose Tumor.

Lumbago Coming Soon : Pain in the lumbar region caused by a muscle strain, rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, or a herniated intravertebral disk. Ischemic lumbago, characterized by pain in the lower back and buttocks, is caused by vascular insufficiency, as in terminal aortic occlusion.

Lupus Erythematosus : A chronic inflammatory disease affecting many systems of the body. The pathophysiology of the disease includes severe vasculitis, renal involvement, and lesions of the skin and nervous system. The initial manifestation is often arthritis. An erythematous rash over the nose and malar eminences, weakness, fatigue, and weight loss are also seen early in the disease. Photosensitivity, fever, skin lesions on the neck, and alopecia where the skin lesions extend beyond the hairline may occur. The skin lesions may spread to mucus membranes and other tissues of the body. Depending on the organs involved, the patient may also have glomerulonephritis, pleuritis, pericarditis, peritonitis, neuritis or anaemia. Renal failure and severe neurological abnormalities are the most serious manifestations of the disease. 

Lupus Vulgaris Coming Soon : A rare cutaneous form of tuberculosis in which the areas of skin become ulcerated and heal slowly, leaving deeply scarred tissue

Lyme Disease : An acute recurrent inflammatory disease, involving one or few joints, believed to be transmitted by tick bone virus. Knees, other large joints and temperomandibular joints are most commonly involved, with local inflammation and swelling. Chills, fever, headache, malaise and erythema chronicum migrans, an expanding annular erythematous skin eruption, often precede the joint manifestations. Symptoms appear in recurrent episodes, lasting usually one week, at intervals of one to several weeks, declining over 2-3 year period. There is no permanent joint damage.

Meningitis Coming Soon

Migraine : A recurring vascular headache characterized by a prodromal aura, unilateral onset, and severe pain, photophobia, and autonomic disturbances during the acute phase, which may last for hours or days. The disorder occurs more frequently in women than in men. The acute phase may be accompanied by nausea, vomiting, chills, polyuria, sweating, facial edema, irritability and extreme fatigue.

Morvan's Disease  Coming Soon

Multiple Sclerosis : A progressive disease characterized by disseminated demyelination of nerve fibers of the brain and the spinal cord. It begins slowly, usually in the young adulthood, and continues throughout life with periods of exacerbation and remission. The first signs are paresthesias, or abnormal sensations in the extremities or on one side of the face. Other early signs are muscle weakness, vertigo, and visual disturbances, as nystagmus, double vision and partial blindness. Later in the course of the disease, there may be extreme emotional liability, ataxia, abnormal reflexes, and difficulty in urinating.

Muscular Atrophy Coming Soon

Muscular Dystrophy Coming Soon

Myasthenia Gravis Coming Soon

Myocarditis Coming Soon

Myoma Coming Soon

Myositis Coming Soon

Myxedema Coming Soon

Nasal PolypusNew : Nasal polyps are polypoidal masses arising mainly from the mucous membranes of the nose and paranasal sinuses. Nasal polyps are usually classified into antrochoanal polyps and ethmoidal polyps. Antrochoanal polyps arise from the maxillary sinuses and are much less common, ethmoidal polyps arise from the ethmoidal sinuses. Antrochoanal polyps are usually single and unilateral whereas ethmoidal polyps are multiple and bilateral. Symptoms of polyps include nasal block, sinusitis, anosmia or loss of smell, and secondary infection leading to headache

The pathogenesis of nasal polyps is unknown. Nasal polyps are most commonly thought to be caused by allergy and rarely by cystic fibrosis although a significant number are associated with non-allergic adult asthma or no respiratory or allergic trigger that can be demonstrated

Nasal polyps have no relationship with colonic or uterine polyps. Irregular unilateral polyps particularly associated with pain or bleeding will require urgent investigation as they may represent an intranasal tumour

Neuralgia New : Neuralgia is a painful disorder of the cranial nerves. Under the general heading of neuralgia are trigeminal neuralgia, atypical facial pain, and postherpetic neuralgia (caused by shingles or herpes). The affected nerves are responsible for sensing touch, temperature and pressure in the facial area from the jaw to the forehead. The disorder generally causes short episodes of excruciating pain, usually for less than two minutes and on only one side of the face. The pain can be described in a variety of ways such as "stabbing," "sharp," "like lightning," "burning," and even "itchy". In the atypical form of TN, the pain can also present as severe or merely aching and last for extended periods. The pain associated with TN is recognized as one of the most excruciating pains that can be experienced.

Simple stimuli such as eating, talking, washing the face, or any light touch or sensation can trigger an attack (even the sensation of a gentle breeze). The attacks can occur in clusters or as an isolated attack. Some patients will have a muscle spasm which led to the original term for TN of "tic douloureux" ("tic" meaning spasm and "douloureux" meaning painful in French).

Neuralgia is a form of chronic pain and can be extremely difficult to diagnose. Patients usually show no physical abnormalities, and with the attacks generally lasting a very short time, it can be difficult to reach a doctor before the attack is over. Postherpetic neuralgia is the easiest to diagnose because it follows an obvious cause (shingles).

Neuralgia is rare, especially in those under 30. Women are more likely to be affected than men, and those over 50 are at the greatest risk. In some cases, multiple sclerosis is related to nerve damage, causing the pain, so doctors will likely ask about family history to help diagnose. Nothing unusual can be seen in brain scans, so diagnosis is usually based on the description of the symptoms

Neuroma Coming Soon

Nystagmus Coming Soon

Obesity Coming Soon

Opposition Defiant Disorder (ODD) 

Osteoma Coming Soon

Osteomyelitis Coming Soon

Osteopenia : A condition of sub normally mineralized bone, usually the result of a failure of the rate of bone matrix synthesis to compensate for the rate of bone lysis.

Osteoporosis : A disorder characterized by abnormal rarefaction of the bone, occurring most frequently in postmenopausal women, in sedentary or immobilized individuals, and in patients on long term steroid therapy. This disorder may cause pain, especially in lower back, pathologic fractures, loss of stature and various deformities.

Parkinson's Disease : A slow progressive, degenerative, neurologic disorder characterized by resting tremor, pill rolling of the fingers, a mask like facies, shuffling gait, forward flexion of the trunk, muscle rigidity and weakness. Signs and symptoms of Parkinson's Disease. which include drooling, increased appetite, intolerance of heat, oily skin, emotional instability and defective judgment, are increased by fatigue, excitement and frustration. Also called Paralysis Agitans

Petit Mal Coming Soon

Plantar Facitis : An abnormal, benign growth resembling a tumor that develops on the sole of the feet at the pressure points like metatarsal heads and heels. This commonly grows rapidly and then regresses.

Polycystic Ovaries Syndrome (PCOS) : An abnormal condition characterized by anovulation, amenorrhea, hirsutism, and infertility. Numerous follicular cysts, 2 to 6 mm in diameter, may develop. The affected ovary commonly doubles in size and is invested by a smooth, pearly white capsule

Pott's Disease Coming Soon

Psoriasis : A common, chronic, inheritable skin disorder, characterized by circumscribed red patches covered by thick, dry, silvery, adherent scales that are the result of excessive development of epithelial cells. Exacerbation and remissions are typical. Lesions may be any where on the body but are more common on extensor surfaces, bony prominences, scalp, ears, genitalia, and perianal area. An arthritis, particularly of distal small joints, may accompany the skin disease

Pulmonary Hypertension : Pulmonary hypertension is associated with a variety of conditions or it may occur without an identifiable underlying cause. In the first case, it is referred to as secondary pulmonary hypertension; that is, it is secondary to another medical problem. In the absence of a cause it is called primary, idiopathic, or unexplained pulmonary hypertension. Regardless of cause, pulmonary hypertension is present when mean pulmonary arterial pressure (the blood pressure in the circulation of the lungs) is greater than 25 mm Hg at rest or 30 mm Hg during exercise.

Secondary pulmonary hypertension can result from pulmonary venous hypertension (that is, back pressure from high pressures at any point downstream from the pulmonary arteries), from obstruction of pulmonary vessels, from chronic hypoxemia (low oxygen in the blood), or from high pulmonary blood flow due to intracardiac left-to-right shunts. Primary pulmonary hypertension (PPH) has been classified into subgroups based on the appearance of lung tissue under the microscope as arteriopathic (plexogenic and/or thrombotic), as veno-occlusive, or as pulmonary capillary hemangiomatosis. Some conditions may be associated with clinical primary pulmonary hypertension including cirrhosis, AIDS, connective tissue diseases, and certain toxins, although the causal relationship is undefined.

Primary pulmonary hypertension (PPH) is a rare syndrome, with an incidence of approximately 2 in every 10,000 patients seen at the Mayo Clinic, although it appears to be becoming more frequently detected by simple noninvasive means, such as Doppler/echocardiographic examination. The illness most often occurs in young adults and has a 2.4:1 predisposition for affecting women.

The most common symptoms of PPH are shortness of breath with exertion and general fatigue. Passing out spells (syncope), dizziness, ankle or leg swelling, and chest pain or pressure are often observed during the course of the disease. Findings detected on physical examination by a doctor include a loud pulmonic component of the second heart sound, pulmonic ejection click, right ventricular lift palpable left parasternally, an S4 gallop emanating from the right ventricle, a systolic murmur of tricuspid regurgitation, a diastolic murmur of pulmonary regurgitation, and elevation of the jugular venous pulse with a V wave. A right ventricular S3 gallop, marked jugular venous distension, pulsatile hepatomegaly, ascites, and peripheral edema reflect the development of right ventricular failure.

Raynaud's Disease Coming Soon

Scabies Coming Soon

Schizophrenia: Any one of a large group of psychotic disorders characterized by gross distortion of reality, disturbances of language and communication, withdrawal from social interaction, and the disorganization and fragmentation of thought, perception and emotional reactions. Apathy and confusion; delusions and hallucinations; rambling or stylized pattern of speech, as evasiveness, incoherence, and echolalia; withdrawn, regressive, and bizarre behavior; and emotional liability often occur

Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) New : An acute respiratory affection accompanied by severe cough, high fever, difficult respiration and aches all over the body

Shyness Coming Soon

Sinusitis : An inflammation of one or more para nasal sinuses. It may be a complication of an upper respiratory infection, dental infection, allergy, a change in atmosphere or a structural defect of the nose. With swelling of nasal mucus membranes the openings from sinuses to nose may be obstructed, resulting in an accumulation of sinus secretions, causing pressure, pain, headache, fever and local tenderness

Somnambulism Coming Soon

Spina Bifida Coming Soon

Sprains Coming Soon

Stump Neuralgia Coming Soon

Tendinitis Coming Soon

Tennis Elbow Coming Soon

Thyroid Affections( Hypothyroidism, Hyperthyroidism, Goitre, Bronchocele)

Thrush : Candidiasis of the tissue of the mouth

Tinnitus New : Tinkling or ringing heard in one or both ears. It may be a sign of acoustic trauma, Meniere's Disease, otosclerosis, or presbycusis, or of an accumulation of cerumen impinging on the eardrum or occluding the external auditory canal.

Torticollis : An abnormal condition in which the head is inclined to one side as a result of the contraction of the muscles of that side of the neck. It may be congenital or acquired. Also called Wryneck.

Ulcerative Colitis  : A chronic, episodic, inflammatory disease of the large intestine and rectum, characterized by profuse diarrhea containing varying amounts of blood, mucus and pus.

 Varicocele Coming Soon

Vaginitis, Chronic New : An chronic inflammation of the vaginal tissues

Warts New : Benign, viral, warty skin lesions with a rough papillomatous surface. It is caused by the a common contagious papovavirus.

Wilson's Disease New : Wilson's Disease is a genetic disorder that is fatal unless detected and treated before serious illness from copper poisoning develops. Wilson's Disease affects approximately one in 30,000 people worldwide. The genetic defect causes excessive copper accumulation in the liver or brain.

Small amounts of copper are as essential as vitamins. Copper is present in most foods, and most people have much more copper than they need. Healthy people excrete copper they don't need but Wilson's Disease patients cannot.

Copper begins to accumulate immediately after birth. Excess copper attacks the liver or brain, resulting in hepatitis, psychiatric, or neurologic symptoms. The symptoms usually appear in late adolescence. Patients may have jaundice, abdominal swelling, vomiting of blood, and abdominal pain. They may have tremors and difficulty walking, talking and swallowing. They may develop all degrees of mental illness including homicidal or suicidal behavior, depression, and aggression. Women may have menstrual irregularities, absent periods, infertility, or multiple miscarriages. No matter how the disease begins, it is always fatal if it is not diagnosed and treated.

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